The word Gallipoli strikes a chord of fear and overwhelming sadness into many Australian who hears it even today.
Back in 1914 at the start of the Great War, Gallipoli was nothing more than a town on the Dardanelles Peninsula in northern Turkey. It  had seen occupation at various times during its history. During the Crimean war Gallipoli had endured the occupation of British and French forces,many of whom had died there due to illnesses like the Cholera.
Gallipoli throughout history has been of strategic importance for armies wishing to control the Dardanelle water way from the Mediterranean Sea through to the Black sea. It was this that drove the campaign in 1915. To control the waterway was to control the area. The allies realised early on that if they were to gain a foothold into the lower European regions.